These terms seem to be in the media more and more, yet seldom are they explained. Here are some quick and simple explanations.
Open access – knowledge that typically requires membership, and often significant cost, instead is freely available. Example: open access journals in the field of education.
Open data – public data, often but not always from government, that is made publicly accessible online, enabling others to create value. In this TED talk, Tim Berners-Lee (the creator of the web) discusses it in this TED talk. The ‘data’ referred to does not include personal or confidential records.
Open government –‘the political doctrine which holds that the business of government and state administration should be opened at all levels to effective public scrutiny and oversight’ (Wikipedia). Open government is about government transparency, and really isn’t a focus for this Vancouver ChangeCamp.
Open source – from PC Mag Encyclopedia, ‘refers to software that is distributed with its source code so that end user organizations and vendors can modify it for their own purposes.’
Open standards – a sub-topic, within open source, to do with technical specifications
Please recommend any clearer explanations you may have, or any additional terms – we welcome them